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Vaginal, skin infections signs of diabetes – Experts

Medical experts have said recurrent vaginal and skin infections could be signs of diabetes.

The experts also said diabetes could increase the risk of pneumonia and make it harder to fight off the infection once it develops.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose.

A study published in 2021 on the National Centre for Biotechnology Information found that diabetes presents a significant risk factor for all kinds of infections and increase the rate of outpatient infections as well as the incidence of infections requiring hospitalisation.

The cohort study titled, ‘Diabetes Mellitus and Infections’, found that respiratory infections, skin and soft tissue infections, gastrointestinal and genitourinary infections all appear to occur more frequently in those with DM.

“Not only are they more frequent, these infections appear to have a poorer response to therapy and more rapid progression to severe forms of infection. There is good evidence that reduction of hyperglycemia can improve outcomes,” the study led by a Clinical Assistant Professor, Endocrinology and Metabolism Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Keren Zhou, showed.

Zhou said diabetes represents an incredibly important risk factor for infection, raising the likelihood of infection for both outpatient treated conditions and those which lead to hospitalisation.

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